As I mentioned before on the previous page,
the doll's face, hair, hands and feet, and
accessories are all created separately by
specialist artisans and it is we the body
and clothing artisans who take the job of
putting all these parts together to form
the actual doll. By creating the doll's kimono
and putting all the parts together, the clothing
artisan completes the hina doll. This process
is briefly explained below, but in actuality
the process of dressing and completing the
hina doll consists of as many as 4000 stages,
and requires particularly well-developed
techniques, even among all the styles of
Kyoto doll-making. Here let me briefly
introduce the general flow of the clothing
||The body is made from wood or bundled straw
bound with Japanese paper. The shape
body is slightly different according
type of doll.
||The body is attached to a platform for stability.
||The next stage is wrapping the collar on.
The order of wrapping depends on whether
the doll will become a princess or
and also on the clothing.
||At this stage the basic shape of the arms
is attached. Until the doll is
and Kainaori (or arm bending) is completed,
the arms remain in this state.
||This is in the case of the lord doll.
The basic leg shape is added. The feet
not bare feet, but made to wear tabi,
split-toe socks, and the legs are also
at this point.
||Finally the lord is dressed in his hakama
pants. Seen from below the sight of
in his hakama in the case of Ippo-style
conveys a clean, smart appearance.
point the chest is padded to achieve
||Nishijin style woven cloth and obi (kimono
belts) are used. Layering and color
are taken into careful consideration
choosing the cloth.
||This measurement chart records secret techniques
which are the fruit of years of trial
error efforts. It is used in place
||Japanese paper, meant to line the cloth,
is cut in accordance with the measurement
||Paste is spread onto the cut paper with a
wodden spatula tool.
||This paste-coated paper is attached to the
cloth to give it an appropriate stiffness.
||The paper-reinforced cloth is then cut into
shape. The cutting of both Japanese
and the cloth is done with the use
of a special
||The next step is to sew the various pieces
of cloth together to make each part
||These are the various clothing pieces used
for princess and lord dolls.
||The body of the doll is dressed.
||To avoid the kimono becoming loose and untidy,
it is stabilized and the arms are bent
below) to create the doll's pose.
||Finally the head piece and accessories are
added to complete the doll.
Kainaori--the quality of completion for both
lord and princess dolls is determined entirely
by kainaori (arm-bending). First the arm
is bent cleanly in 2 places at the shoulder
and the elbow. Attention is paid to the line
of the clothing and the overall balance of
the arm. An artisan builds up his technique
through long years of experience, becoming
able not only to unify the length of both
shoulders and arms, but also to complete
dolls in the same pose. This kainori (arm-bending)
determines the overall appearance of the
doll. It is possible to determine who created
the doll by observing the quality and style
Mohakama is one layer of the clothing of
hina dolls made in the 12 hitoe(layered kimono)
style. White woven cloth is decorated with
embroidery and hand drawn versions of various
designs. Originally there was no such word
as 12 hitoe and it was called such things
as Nyobo Shozoku (wife wrapped in clothing),
Onna shozoku (lady wrapped in clothing),
and Mokaraginu (describing the outer layer
of clothing). The process of dressing the
doll begins with Nagahakama (long hakama),
then Hitoe, and over that are added the glamorously
beautiful Itsutsuginu, Uchiginu, Uwagi, and
Karaginu. Finally the Mohakama is tied
around the doll's waist in the fashion of
a reverse apron.
||Here you can see the artisan illustrating
flowers such as chrysantemums and primroses.
||The line drawing is outlined with ink and
then color is added.
||Finally the name of the work and the artisan's
stamp are added.
||Doll's clothing are commonly made from Kinran
(cloth woven with golden threads),
or belts from actual kimono, and costumes
from No dramas are also often used.
bolts of cloth are transformed into
type of beauty when they are made into
||This picture chart is hand-written by Master
Ippo, and depicts the designs and patterns
of woven cloth which are used in doll's